ARTICLES

Youth Clubs: Psychological Intervention with Young Refugees

The war in former Yugoslavia (1991-95) exposed hundreds of thousands of children and adolescents to very intensive, often multiple traumatic experiences, followed by a chain of chronic and increasing problems in exile. This paper describes the theoretical framework, implementation and evaluation of Youth Clubs, a community-based psychosocial intervention implemented during the war years with the aim of supporting the psychosocial recovery and reintegration of young refugees in Serbia.

Strengthening Social Fabric Through Narrative Theatre

In this paper, Narrative Theatre is described as a means of strengthening the social fabric in dislocated communities. In the first part, we describe basic theoretical constructs underlying the social foundation of human functioning. The key elements are bonding and bridging as dynamic features of social fabric. This is followed by a brief discussion of the emancipatory roots of Narrative Theatre.

Folk Theatre Improves Psychosocial Work in Kashmir

This article shows how a psychosocial project initiated by a Western, medical humanitarian organisation can connect with non-Western local traditions. In this case, the traditional folk theatre of the rural areas in Kashmir is used as a medium for psychoeducation.

Narrative Exposure Therapy in Children: a case study

In this article a form of psychotherapy for traumatised children and adolescents (KIDNET) is described. This approach is based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), a short-term treatment method for traumatised adults. The description of KIDNET is illustrated with a detailed report of the successful treatment of a severely traumatised 13-year old refugee child.

Not Talking About Traumatic Experiences: Harmful or Healing? Coping with war memories in southwest Uganda

Although there has been peace in most parts of Uganda since 1986, in Mbarara district in southwest Uganda nobody talks about their war experience; there is one big conspiracy of silence. According to the people who live there, it is not good to talk, it can be dangerous and can make you ill. This article deals with the question why these people keep silent about their horrifying war experiences. It appears that the community and the social and cultural institutions have been destroyed.

Managing Uncertainty: Coping styles of refugees in western countries

This article presents the results of a research project whose objective was to describe and analyse how people seeking asylum in the Netherlands make sense of their experience. The broader aim of this study was to provide information that could lead to improved mental health care (Kramer, Bala, Dijk van, & Öry, 2003). This article accordingly ends with suggestions to implement the study’s findings in other countries where refugees face uncertainty.

Developing Basic Mental-Health Modules for Health Care Workers in Afghanistan

In this article we describe our experiences with the development of mental health training modules for doctors, nurses, midwives and village health volunteers in the context of a general basic health care programme in Eastern Afghanistan. The article contains references to resources to be used by developing mental health care training modules for health workers.

The Tent of Stories

The tent of stories is a method of engaging refugee children in storytelling and social interaction. Through the tent and a ‘story-stone’ a safe and structured environment is created. Different ways of processing a story are explained. In dealing with stories, children learn to use their imagination as a valuable coping strategy. Like any good method, the ‘tent of stories’ evolved through interaction with the children it was meant for.

Problems of Ethiopian Ex-Combatants

This article describes the problems of former Ethiopian soldiers with their reintegration into civil life. During an anthropological field study, 60 excombatants were interviewed. They reported feeling frustrated about the lack of interest in their living conditions on the part of the Ethiopian public and Ethiopian and Western Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs). They felt that they had no future perspective.

Psychiatric Disorders in an African Refugee Camp

This article describes a study of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among the clients of a community mental health service in the Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya. It is based on the case logbook maintained by the nurse-manager over a period of three years. Post-traumatic stress disorder was the most common diagnosis. Findings suggest that it is feasible to establish a low-cost community mental health service in refugee camps in low-income countries such as Kenya.

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