psychosocial intervention

Youth Clubs: Psychological Intervention with Young Refugees

The war in former Yugoslavia (1991-95) exposed hundreds of thousands of children and adolescents to very intensive, often multiple traumatic experiences, followed by a chain of chronic and increasing problems in exile. This paper describes the theoretical framework, implementation and evaluation of Youth Clubs, a community-based psychosocial intervention implemented during the war years with the aim of supporting the psychosocial recovery and reintegration of young refugees in Serbia.

Psychosocial interventions, or integrated programming for well-being?

Over the past 25 years, humanitarian programming has increasingly included attention to the psychological and social impacts of conflict. Over this time, a wide variety of approaches have been developed to address these ‘psychosocial’ issues. The authors argue that labelling these approaches, as a distinct and separate sector of activity is not helpful, either conceptually or programmatically.

Appraisal of psychosocial interventions in Liberia

This article presents the methodology and results of a study on the effectiveness of two psychosocial interventions targeting female victims of war-related and sexual violence in Liberia. One intervention provided counselling, the other offered support groups and skill training. Qualitative research suggests that the participants of both interventions were positive with regard to the help provided.

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Consensus and professional practice in psychosocial intervention: political achievement, core knowledge-base and prompt for further enquiry

The author reflects on the implications of guidelines that are a reflection of professional consensus. In the case of the IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings, the author suggests that consensus represents (1) a political achievement promising improved inter-agency coordination; (2) a core knowledge base defining key principles and practices; and (3) a useful basis to structure further enquiry to gather a stronger evidence base for programming.

Developing mental health and psychosocial support interventions in an extremely resource poor context: a case example from Southern Sudan

The situation in Southern Sudan poses strong challenges for the development of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services. Local government structures are weak and the health care system is hardly functioning at the primary health care level in terms of human resource, infrastructure and medical equipment. To develop MHPSS in such a context requires a strong focus on capacity building of the local staff and awareness activities on the community level though participatory mechanisms.

Vulnerable social groups in postconflict settings: a mixed methods policy analysis and epidemiology study of caste and psychological morbidity in Nepal

Designing and implementing psychosocial intervention programmes in post conflict settings requires a breadth of knowledge of the context, circumstances, and needs of vulnerable social groups. However, mixed methods research focusing on which groups are vulnerable, and their specific psychosocial needs, is rarely conducted. This study uses historical policy discourse analysis to identify the origins of contemporary social categories related to vulnerability in Nepal, specifically caste.

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Basic versus focused psychosocial interventions for community wellbeing: lessons following the Nargis cyclone interventions in Burma/Myanmar

Psychosocial interventions in Burma/Myanmar are a new phenomenon. Following the Nargis cyclone in Burma/Myanmar, assessments highlighted a clear need to address the psychosocial issues in local communities. Within the existing socio-political constraints, nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) tried to address these issues in different ways. National NGOs tried to help communities by organising community based psychosocial support programmes.

Movement, games and sport in psychosocial intervention: a critical discussion of its potential and limitations within cooperation for development

This article critically discusses the use of movement, games and sport in cooperation for development, in post conflict rehabilitation and in the context of violence, disaster and conflict. Pointing out the ambivalent nature of sport and its limitations, we conclude that, if we really want to achieve an impact through movement, games and sport, we should use them as tools with concrete strategies according to specific goals, local context and based on the interests, needs and leadership of the participants.

Vertical trauma focussed interventions versus broader horizontal psychosocial interventions

Despite an influx of agencies conducting psychiatric and psychosocial interventions worldwide, there is scarce agreement regarding treatment goals and best practice to deal with trauma related mental disorders. A systematic review of posttraumaticc stress disorder treatments concluded that scientific evidence on treatment modalities did not reach the level of certainty that would be desired. This commentary ends by outlining the kind of evidence that would be required.

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